The most well known of learning disorders...and also the most misunderstood!
The International Dyslexia Association (interdys.org) defines it this way:
"Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge."
Neuropsychologists have broken down Dyslexia into three categories:
There are five components that are essential for good readers. A break down in any of these areas can significantly impact a person's ability and enjoyment of reading. For information on these critical skills click here.
There is quite a bit of information available regarding Dyslexia and other types of reading disorders. It can be overwhelming! For more information we can recommend the IDA website (interdys.org) and Dr. Sally Shaywitz book: Overcoming Dyslexia.