Executive Functions Explained

It is believed that up to 90 percent of kids with ADHD struggle with executive function challenges that impair goal-directed behavior. 

 

Executive functions refer to the cognitive and mental abilities that help people engage in goal-directed action. They enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and manage multiple tasks, direct actions, control behavior, and motivate us to achieve our goals and prepare for future events. People with executive function disorder (EFD) struggle to organize and regulate their behavior in ways that will help them accomplish long-term goals.

 

The following areas can be addresses through therapy:

 

  • Response Inhibition
  • Working Memory
  • Emotional Control
  • Flexibility
  • Sustained Attention
  • Task Initiation
  • Planning/Prioritizing
  • Organization
  • Time Management
  • Goal-Directed Persistence
  • Metacognition

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