The most well known of learning disorders...and also the most misunderstood!

What is Dyslexia? 


The International Dyslexia Association (interdys.org) defines it this way:


"Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge." 


 Neuropsychologists have broken down Dyslexia into three categories:


  • Phonological Dyslexia: the primary issue impacting the learner being phonological processing (inability to identify and manipulate sounds - critical for learning and using phonics)
  • Orthographic Dyslexia: the primary issue is difficulty with visual sequential processing ("form" becomes "from")
  • Combination Type: the learner has both types of difficulties


There are five components that are essential for good readers. A break down in any of these areas can significantly impact a person's ability and enjoyment of reading. For information on these critical skills click here.


Learn more about:


  • Diagnosis: essential for determining where the breakdowns are occuring
  • Interventions: learning disorders CAN be overcome!


There is quite a bit of information available regarding Dyslexia and other types of reading disorders. It can be overwhelming! For more information we can recommend the IDA website (interdys.org) and Dr. Sally Shaywitz book: Overcoming Dyslexia.

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